Connecticut





Contents:



Interesting Facts:

  • The Fundamental Orders, written in 1639, was the first constitution adopted by any of the American Colonies.
  • The first American steel mill was established in 1728 in Simsbury.
  • In 1737, Dr. Samuel Higley started the first copper coinage in what would be known today as America.
  • Connecticut’s The Hartford Courant, established in 1764, is the oldest U.S. newspaper still published.
  • The oldest American public library, the Scoville Memorial Library, started in 1771 by Richard Smith.
  • Connecticut grew from being 10% forested in 1800, to being 60% forested today.
  • The first automobile law (a speed limit) was enacted in 1901 in Connecticut, setting a speed limit at 12 mph.
  • Hartford is the insurance capital of the world.
  • Connecticut is home to some of the most important inventions known today:

    • Cotton gin (1794)
    • Safety fuse (1836)
    • Polaroid camera (1934)
    • Permanent license plates (1937)
    • Helicopter (1939)
    • Color TV (1948)
    • The USS Nautilus, completed in 1955 in Connecticut, was the first nuclear-powered submarine in the world. Today, it serves as a museum ship (a national historic landmark) at Groton, Connecticut.
    • Mary Kies was the first American woman to receive a patent, in 1809, for finding a way to weave straw together with silk.


    Quick Facts Panel:

    Basics:

    Population (2010): 3,580,709

    -Percent Gain from 2000: 4.9%

    Total Area: 5,543.3 sq. mi.

    -Land: 4,844.8 sq mi.

    -Water: 698.5 sq. mi.

    Nickname: Constitution State, Nutmeg State

    Motto: “Qui Transtulit Sustinet” (He who transplanted sustains)

    Density: 739.1 people per sq. mi. (US density-87.5 people per sq. mi.)

    Political:

    Capital: Hartford

    Statehood: January 9, 1788

    Major Cities (ranked by population):

        1-Bridgeport(144,229)

        2-New Haven (129,779)

        3-Hartford (124,775)

        4-Stamford (122,043)

        5-Waterbury (110,366)

    Electoral votes: 7

    U.S. Representatives: 5

    Landforms/Recreational:

    National Parks: Wier Farm National Historic Site, Appalachian National Scenic Trail, Quinebaug and Shetucket River Valley National Heritage Corridor

    Highest point: Mt. Frissell, 2,380 ft

    Lowest point: Long Island Sound, 0 ft

    Natural Resources: fish, chicken, stone (predominantly limestone and clay)

    State flower: Mountain Laurel

    Economy:

    Major Industries:

        1-Services (34%)

        2-Retail Trade (20%)

        3-Manufacturing (14%)

    Productions: helicopters, oil

    Exports: aircraft engines, wheat

    Connecticut Locator Map

     

    Map of Connecticut: Click to Enlarge

     

    Connecticut Flag

     

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    Places to Visit-Photo Gallery:

    Appalachian National Scenic Trail

    Appalachian National Scenic Trail

    Wier Farm National Historic Site, Alden Wier's Studio

    Wier Farm National Historic Site, Alden Wier's Studio

    Appalachian National Scenic TrailWier Farm National Historic Site, Alden Wier's Studio

 

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