- The Fundamental Orders, written in 1639, was the first constitution adopted by any of the American Colonies.
- The first American steel mill was established in 1728 in Simsbury.
- In 1737, Dr. Samuel Higley started the first copper coinage in what would be known today as America.
- Connecticut’s The Hartford Courant, established in 1764, is the oldest U.S. newspaper still published.
- The oldest American public library, the Scoville Memorial Library, started in 1771 by Richard Smith.
- Connecticut grew from being 10% forested in 1800, to being 60% forested today.
- The first automobile law (a speed limit) was enacted in 1901 in Connecticut, setting a speed limit at 12 mph.
- Hartford is the insurance capital of the world.
Connecticut is home to some of the most important inventions known today:
- Cotton gin (1794)
- Safety fuse (1836)
- Polaroid camera (1934)
- Permanent license plates (1937)
- Helicopter (1939)
- Color TV (1948)
- The USS Nautilus, completed in 1955 in Connecticut, was the first nuclear-powered submarine in the world. Today, it serves as a museum ship (a national historic landmark) at Groton, Connecticut.
- Mary Kies was the first American woman to receive a patent, in 1809, for finding a way to weave straw together with silk.
Quick Facts Panel:
Population (2010): 3,580,709
-Percent Gain from 2000: 4.9%
Total Area: 5,543.3 sq. mi.
-Land: 4,844.8 sq mi.
-Water: 698.5 sq. mi.
Nickname: Constitution State, Nutmeg State
Motto: “Qui Transtulit Sustinet” (He who transplanted sustains)
Density: 739.1 people per sq. mi. (US density-87.5 people per sq. mi.)
Statehood: January 9, 1788
Major Cities (ranked by population):
2-New Haven (129,779)
Electoral votes: 7
U.S. Representatives: 5
National Parks: Wier Farm National Historic Site, Appalachian National Scenic Trail, Quinebaug and Shetucket River Valley National Heritage Corridor
Highest point: Mt. Frissell, 2,380 ft
Lowest point: Long Island Sound, 0 ft
Natural Resources: fish, chicken, stone (predominantly limestone and clay)
State flower: Mountain Laurel
2-Retail Trade (20%)
Productions: helicopters, oil
Exports: aircraft engines, wheat
Places to Visit-Photo Gallery: